SFIA as an informative resource for the NIST Cybersecurity framework

The NIST sub-categories are cross-referenced to well know industry reference points. The SFIA skills could be added to this resource.

Status

  • this is a second draft mapping of SFIA skills to subcategories in the NIST Cybersecurity Framework (CSF).
  • Thanks to Simon Roller for creating the first draft. The working group has  reviewed and updated to create the 2nd draft.
  • Members of the working group are doing a detailed review of SFIA skills to update the contents of each skill if required

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Attached is the spreadsheet version of the mapping which you may find easier to review.

NIST CSF extracts are from https://www.nist.gov/cyberframework/framework

Actions for SFIA 8 review

Create a broadly agreed mapping of SFIA skills to NIST CSF subcategories.

Consider alternatives for presenting this information and describing use cases for this mapping.

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Disclaimer:

  • The SFIA 8 project depends on contributions from volunteers. 
  • While the SFIA Foundation commits to deliver updates to the core SFIA framework (SFIA skills, skills and level descriptions, generics). 
  • We cannot commit to all activities listed above without volunteer effort.
Function Category Subcategory SFIA skills

IDENTIFY (ID)

Asset Management (ID.AM): The data, personnel, devices, systems, and facilities that enable the organization to achieve business purposes are identified and managed consistent with their relative importance to organizational objectives and the organization’s risk strategy. ID.AM-1: Physical devices and systems within the organization are inventoried Configuration management CFMG
Asset management ASMG
ID.AM-2: Software platforms and applications within the organization are inventoried Configuration management CFMG
Asset management ASMG
ID.AM-3: Organizational communication and data flows are mapped Information governance IRMG
Data management DATM
Information assurance INAS
ID.AM-4: External information systems are catalogued Information governance IRMG
Data management DATM
Asset management ASMG
ID.AM-5: Resources (e.g., hardware, devices, data, time, personnel, and software) are prioritized based on their classification, criticality, and business value  Information assurance INAS
Configuration management CFMG
Availability management AVMT
Service level management SLMO
ID.AM-6: Cybersecurity roles and responsibilities for the entire workforce and third-party stakeholders (e.g., suppliers, customers, partners) are established Organisation design and implementation ORDI
Resourcing RESC
Supplier management SUPP
 
Business Environment (ID.BE): The organization’s mission, objectives, stakeholders, and activities are understood and prioritized; this information is used to inform cybersecurity roles, responsibilities, and risk management decisions. ID.BE-1: The organization’s role in the supply chain is identified and communicated Information governance IRMG
Sourcing SORC
ID.BE-2: The organization’s place in critical infrastructure and its industry sector is identified and communicated Information governance IRMG
ID.BE-3: Priorities for organizational mission, objectives, and activities are established and communicated Strategic planning ITSP
Demand management DEMM
Portfolio management POMG
ID.BE-4: Dependencies and critical functions for delivery of critical services are established Information assurance INAS
Enterprise and business architecture STPL
Availability management AVMT
Service level management SLMO
ID.BE-5: Resilience requirements to support delivery of critical services are established for all operating states (e.g. under duress/attack, during recovery, normal operations) Information assurance INAS
Availability management AVMT
Capacity management CPMG
 
Governance (ID.GV): The policies, procedures, and processes to manage and monitor the organization’s regulatory, legal, risk, environmental, and operational requirements are understood and inform the management of cybersecurity risk. ID.GV-1: Organizational cybersecurity policy is established and communicated Information security SCTY
Information governance IRMG
ID.GV-2: Cybersecurity roles and responsibilities are coordinated and aligned with internal roles and external partners Information security SCTY
Organisation design and implementation ORDI
ID.GV-3: Legal and regulatory requirements regarding cybersecurity, including privacy and civil liberties obligations, are understood and managed Information governance IRMG
ID.GV-4: Governance and risk management processes address cybersecurity risks Enterprise IT governance GOVN
Business risk management BURM
 
Risk Assessment (ID.RA): The organization understands the cybersecurity risk to organizational operations (including mission, functions, image, or reputation), organizational assets, and individuals. ID.RA-1: Asset vulnerabilities are identified and documented Information assurance INAS
Penetration testing PENT
ID.RA-2: Cyber threat intelligence is received from information sharing forums and sources Information security SCTY
Emerging technology monitoring EMRG
Knowledge management KNOW
Supplier management SUPP
ID.RA-3: Threats, both internal and external, are identified and documented Information security SCTY
Emerging technology monitoring EMRG
Penetration testing PENT
ID.RA-4: Potential business impacts and likelihoods are identified Business risk management BURM
ID.RA-5: Threats, vulnerabilities, likelihoods, and impacts are used to determine risk Business risk management BURM
Information security SCTY
ID.RA-6: Risk responses are identified and prioritized Business risk management BURM
Information security SCTY
 
Risk Management Strategy (ID.RM): The organization’s priorities, constraints, risk tolerances, and assumptions are established and used to support operational risk decisions. ID.RM-1: Risk management processes are established, managed, and agreed to by organizational stakeholders Business risk management BURM
ID.RM-2: Organizational risk tolerance is determined and clearly expressed Business risk management BURM
ID.RM-3: The organization’s determination of risk tolerance is informed by its role in critical infrastructure and sector specific risk analysis Business risk management BURM
Information assurance INAS
 
Supply Chain Risk Management (ID.SC):
The organization’s priorities, constraints, risk tolerances, and assumptions are established and used to support risk decisions associated with managing supply chain risk. The organization has established and implemented the processes to identify, assess and manage supply chain risks.
ID.SC-1: Cyber supply chain risk management processes are identified, established, assessed, managed, and agreed to by organizational stakeholders Business risk management BURM
ID.SC-2: Suppliers and third party partners of information systems, components, and services are identified, prioritized, and assessed using a cyber supply chain risk assessment process  Business risk management BURM
Supplier management SUPP
ID.SC-3: Contracts with suppliers and third-party partners are used to implement appropriate measures designed to meet the objectives of an organization’s cybersecurity program and Cyber Supply Chain Risk Management Plan. Contract management ITCM
Supplier management SUPP
ID.SC-4: Suppliers and third-party partners are routinely assessed using audits, test results, or other forms of evaluations to confirm they are meeting their contractual obligations. Conformance review CORE
Supplier management SUPP
ID.SC-5: Response and recovery planning and testing are conducted with suppliers and third-party providers Continuity management COPL
Business process testing BPTS
Incident management USUP
Supplier management SUPP
 

PROTECT (PR)

Identity Management, Authentication and Access Control (PR.AC): Access to physical and logical assets and associated facilities is limited to authorized users, processes, and devices, and is managed consistent with the assessed risk of unauthorized access to authorized activities and transactions. PR.AC-1: Identities and credentials are issued, managed, verified, revoked, and audited for authorized devices, users and processes Security administration SCAD
Conformance review CORE
PR.AC-2: Physical access to assets is managed and protected Facilities management DCMA
PR.AC-3: Remote access is managed Network design NTDS
Security administration SCAD
Network support NTAS
PR.AC-4: Access permissions and authorizations are managed, incorporating the principles of least privilege and separation of duties Security administration SCAD
PR.AC-5: Network integrity is protected (e.g., network segregation, network segmentation) Information assurance INAS
Network design NTDS
Network support NTAS
PR.AC-6: Identities are proofed and bound to credentials and asserted in interactions Information security SCTY
Security administration SCAD
PR.AC-7: Users, devices, and other assets are authenticated (e.g., single-factor, multi-factor) commensurate with the risk of the transaction (e.g., individuals’ security and privacy risks and other organizational risks) Information assurance INAS
 
Awareness and Training (PR.AT): The organization’s personnel and partners are provided cybersecurity awareness education and are trained to perform their cybersecurity-related duties and responsibilities consistent with related policies, procedures, and agreements. PR.AT-1: All users are informed and trained  Information security SCTY
Learning and development management ETMG
PR.AT-2: Privileged users understand their roles and responsibilities  Performance management PEMT
Resourcing RESC
PR.AT-3: Third-party stakeholders (e.g., suppliers, customers, partners) understand their roles and responsibilities  Supplier management SUPP
Contract management ITCM
PR.AT-4: Senior executives understand their roles and responsibilities  Information governance IRMG
Information security SCTY
Organisation design and implementation ORDI
PR.AT-5: Physical and cybersecurity personnel understand their roles and responsibilities  Performance management PEMT
Resourcing RESC
 
Data Security (PR.DS): Information and records (data) are managed consistent with the organization’s risk strategy to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information. PR.DS-1: Data-at-rest is protected Information assurance INAS
Information security SCTY
Data management DATM
Storage management STMG
PR.DS-2: Data-in-transit is protected Information assurance INAS
Information security SCTY
Data management DATM
Network design NTDS
PR.DS-3: Assets are formally managed throughout removal, transfers, and disposition Information assurance INAS
Asset management ASMG
Configuration management CFMG
PR.DS-4: Adequate capacity to ensure availability is maintained Demand management DEMM
Availability management AVMT
Capacity management CPMG
PR.DS-5: Protections against data leaks are implemented Information governance IRMG
Information assurance INAS
Data management DATM
Storage management STMG
PR.DS-6: Integrity checking mechanisms are used to verify software, firmware, and information integrity Information assurance INAS
Programming/software development PROG
Software design SWDN
PR.DS-7: The development and testing environment(s) are separate from the production environment Information assurance INAS
Testing TEST
PR.DS-8: Integrity checking mechanisms are used to verify hardware integrity Hardware design HWDE
 
Information Protection Processes and Procedures (PR.IP): Security policies (that address purpose, scope, roles, responsibilities, management commitment, and coordination among organizational entities), processes, and procedures are maintained and used to manage protection of information systems and assets. PR.IP-1: A baseline configuration of information technology/industrial control systems is created and maintained incorporating security principles (e.g. concept of least functionality) Configuration management CFMG
PR.IP-2: A System Development Life Cycle to manage systems is implemented Systems development management DLMG
PR.IP-3: Configuration change control processes are in place Configuration management CFMG
Change management CHMG
PR.IP-4: Backups of information are conducted, maintained, and tested  Information assurance INAS
Storage management STMG
IT infrastructure ITOP
PR.IP-5: Policy and regulations regarding the physical operating environment for organizational assets are met IT management ITMG
Facilities management DCMA
PR.IP-6: Data is destroyed according to policy Data management DATM
PR.IP-7: Protection processes are improved Information assurance INAS
Information security SCTY
Methods and tools METL
Organisational capability development OCDV
PR.IP-8: Effectiveness of protection technologies is shared  Knowledge management KNOW
Conformance review CORE
PR.IP-9: Response plans (Incident Response and Business Continuity) and recovery plans (Incident Recovery and Disaster Recovery) are in place and managed Continuity management COPL
Incident management USUP
PR.IP-10: Response and recovery plans are tested Continuity management COPL
Incident management USUP
PR.IP-11: Cybersecurity is included in human resources practices (e.g., deprovisioning, personnel screening) Resourcing RESC
Performance management PEMT
Competency assessment LEDA
PR.IP-12: A vulnerability management plan is developed and implemented Information security SCTY
Penetration testing PENT
 
Maintenance (PR.MA): Maintenance and repairs of industrial control and information system components are performed consistent with policies and procedures. PR.MA-1: Maintenance and repair of organizational assets are performed and logged, with approved and controlled tools Availability management AVMT
Release and deployment RELM
PR.MA-2: Remote maintenance of organizational assets is approved, logged, and performed in a manner that prevents unauthorized access Availability management AVMT
Release and deployment RELM
 
Protective Technology (PR.PT): Technical security solutions are managed to ensure the security and resilience of systems and assets, consistent with related policies, procedures, and agreements. PR.PT-1: Audit/log records are determined, documented, implemented, and reviewed in accordance with policy Security administration SCAD
PR.PT-2: Removable media is protected and its use restricted according to policy Information assurance INAS
Data management DATM
PR.PT-3: The principle of least functionality is incorporated by configuring systems to provide only essential capabilities Systems design DESN
PR.PT-4: Communications and control networks are protected Network design NTDS
Network support NTAS
PR.PT-5: Mechanisms (e.g., failsafe, load balancing, hot swap) are implemented to achieve resilience requirements in normal and adverse situations Systems design DESN
Availability management AVMT
   

DETECT (DE)

Anomalies and Events (DE.AE): Anomalous activity is detected and the potential impact of events is understood. DE.AE-1: A baseline of network operations and expected data flows for users and systems is established and managed Information governance IRMG
DE.AE-2: Detected events are analyzed to understand attack targets and methods Security administration SCAD
Network support NTAS
IT infrastructure ITOP
DE.AE-3: Event data are collected and correlated from multiple sources and sensors Security administration SCAD
Network support NTAS
IT infrastructure ITOP
DE.AE-4: Impact of events is determined Security administration SCAD
Network support NTAS
IT infrastructure ITOP
Incident management USUP
DE.AE-5: Incident alert thresholds are established Security administration SCAD
Network support NTAS
IT infrastructure ITOP
Incident management USUP
 
Security Continuous Monitoring (DE.CM): The information system and assets are monitored to identify cybersecurity events and verify the effectiveness of protective measures. DE.CM-1: The network is monitored to detect potential cybersecurity events Security administration SCAD
Network support NTAS
IT infrastructure ITOP
Incident management USUP
DE.CM-2: The physical environment is monitored to detect potential cybersecurity events Security administration SCAD
Network support NTAS
IT infrastructure ITOP
Facilities management DCMA
Incident management USUP
DE.CM-3: Personnel activity is monitored to detect potential cybersecurity events Security administration SCAD
DE.CM-4: Malicious code is detected Security administration SCAD
DE.CM-5: Unauthorized mobile code is detected Configuration management CFMG
Security administration SCAD
DE.CM-6: External service provider activity is monitored to detect potential cybersecurity events Security administration SCAD
Supplier management SUPP
DE.CM-7: Monitoring for unauthorized personnel, connections, devices, and software is performed Security administration SCAD
DE.CM-8: Vulnerability scans are performed Information security SCTY
Penetration testing PENT
 
Detection Processes (DE.DP): Detection processes and procedures are maintained and tested to ensure awareness of anomalous events. DE.DP-1: Roles and responsibilities for detection are well defined to ensure accountability Performance management PEMT
Resourcing RESC
DE.DP-2: Detection activities comply with all applicable requirements Conformance review CORE
DE.DP-3: Detection processes are tested Business process testing BPTS
Conformance review CORE
DE.DP-4: Event detection information is communicated Security administration SCAD
DE.DP-5: Detection processes are continuously improved Information assurance INAS
Information security SCTY
Organisational capability development OCDV
   

RESPOND (RS)

Response Planning (RS.RP): Response processes and procedures are executed and maintained, to ensure response to detected cybersecurity incidents. RS.RP-1: Response plan is executed during or after an incident Incident management USUP
 
Communications (RS.CO): Response activities are coordinated with internal and external stakeholders (e.g. external support from law enforcement agencies). RS.CO-1: Personnel know their roles and order of operations when a response is needed Organisational capability development OCDV
Incident management USUP
Performance management PEMT
RS.CO-2: Incidents are reported consistent with established criteria Incident management USUP
RS.CO-3: Information is shared consistent with response plans Incident management USUP
Security administration SCAD
RS.CO-4: Coordination with stakeholders occurs consistent with response plans Relationship management RLMT
RS.CO-5: Voluntary information sharing occurs with external stakeholders to achieve broader cybersecurity situational awareness  Supplier management SUPP
Relationship management RLMT
 
Analysis (RS.AN): Analysis is conducted to ensure effective response and support recovery activities. RS.AN-1: Notifications from detection systems are investigated  Incident management USUP
Problem management PBMG
Digital forensics DGFS
RS.AN-2: The impact of the incident is understood Incident management USUP
RS.AN-3: Forensics are performed Digital forensics DGFS
RS.AN-4: Incidents are categorized consistent with response plans Incident management USUP
RS.AN-5: Processes are established to receive, analyze and respond to vulnerabilities disclosed to the organization from internal and external sources (e.g. internal testing, security bulletins, or security researchers) Information security SCTY
Information assurance INAS
Penetration testing PENT
 
Mitigation (RS.MI): Activities are performed to prevent expansion of an event, mitigate its effects, and resolve the incident. RS.MI-1: Incidents are contained Information security SCTY
RS.MI-2: Incidents are mitigated Information security SCTY
Information assurance INAS
RS.MI-3: Newly identified vulnerabilities are mitigated or documented as accepted risks Information security SCTY
Information assurance INAS
Penetration testing PENT
 
Improvements (RS.IM): Organizational response activities are improved by incorporating lessons learned from current and previous detection/response activities. RS.IM-1: Response plans incorporate lessons learned Information security SCTY
Organisational capability development OCDV
RS.IM-2: Response strategies are updated Information security SCTY
   

RECOVER (RC)

Recovery Planning (RC.RP): Recovery processes and procedures are executed and maintained to ensure restoration of systems or assets affected by cybersecurity incidents. RC.RP-1: Recovery plan is executed during or after a cybersecurity incident  Continuity management COPL
Information security SCTY
 
Improvements (RC.IM): Recovery planning and processes are improved by incorporating lessons learned into future activities. RC.IM-1: Recovery plans incorporate lessons learned Information security SCTY
Continuity management COPL
Organisational capability development OCDV
RC.IM-2: Recovery strategies are updated Continuity management COPL
Organisational capability development OCDV
 
Communications (RC.CO): Restoration activities are coordinated with internal and external parties (e.g.  coordinating centers, Internet Service Providers, owners of attacking systems, victims, other CSIRTs, and vendors). RC.CO-1: Public relations are managed Relationship management RLMT
RC.CO-2: Reputation is repaired after an incident  Relationship management RLMT
RC.CO-3: Recovery activities are communicated to internal and external stakeholders as well as executive and management teams Relationship management RLMT